The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is the species most people think of when the word dogwood is mentioned.Although it is considered one of the favorite trees in the south, there are two other species, kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) and Cornelian cherry dogwood (Cornus mas), which will grow in all areas of South Carolina except along the coast from Charleston to Savannah, Ga. 1. Look for healthy specimens. Immature dogwood trees come in several types of packaging at the nursery. Bare root or burlap-wrapped trees are meant to be planted in late fall or early spring, whereas those in containers can be planted any time they can be watered after planting.
Cut down the dogwood bush with an axe and completely remove the root system using a shovel if this is present so other dogwood bushes in the vicinity will not become infected. Check the leaves of your dogwood shrub for signs of white powdery mildew. Spray the bush with a fungicide to rid the tree of this disease if there are white splotches.
Dogwood tree care and maintenance. How to Care for a Dogwood Tree. Grow the dogwood tree in filtered sunlight, in an area with low humidity and sheltered from high winds. Provide 1 inch of water a week during the growing season. Fertilize the tree after it reaches two years of age with a 12-4-8 formula, at the rate suggested on the package, in February and June. Fertilize the tree with a water-based fertilizer during spring and summer months. Kousa Dogwood Care. Water the tree regularly during the initial months and hot spells. Once established, water the tree at least up to six inches. Adding a generous amount of mulch will help retain the water and cut down on watering tasks. Closely examine the leaves. Red twig dogwood will brighten your winter landscaping with its bright red branches; the shrubs actually can provide year-round interest.Despite bearing spring blossoms, variegated leaves during summer, and berries from summer to fall, clearly, this plant's common name explains the main reason that people grow it: namely, the bush's red twigs, which are brightest from late winter to early spring.
This versatile little tree requires a little thought and care if its introduction to a property is to be a success. It is not ideal for all sites and climate conditions and it is vulnerable to a range of diseases and insect predators. The flowering dogwood is also easily damaged by lawnmowers and doesn't respond well to rough handling. Whichever variety of dogwood tree you choose, be aware that no tree is completely immune to disease. Proper tree care is a must from the moment the saplings are planted in the soil. While dogwood trees are generally very low maintenance and drought resistant, saplings will usually need to be watered and the soil surrounding trees may need to be. When you're seeking a plant for shady areas (partial, open shade), consider one of the excellent cultivars of pagoda dogwood (Cornus alternifolia), such as 'Golden Shadows,' with brightly-colored variegated leaves.The plant's common name derives from the tiered, pagoda-like shape of the growth habit, and the Latin species name derives from the alternate position of the leaves on the stems.
The most common insect pest is the dogwood borer, whose larvae burrow under the bark of the trunk and limbs. Because newly hatched larvae enter the tree through wounds or broken bark, avoid damage to the bark when doing lawn maintenance or pruning. Infected trees can be treated by spraying with an insecticide. How to Care for Kousa Dogwoods. Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) adorns its surroundings with elegantly star-shaped, cream-colored spring blooms, red summer berries and striking, red-to-purple autumn. The Cornus kousa (Korean Dogwood or just Kousa) tree is more resistant to diseases that plague other dogwoods.It thrives in zones 5-9. It is sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood. The attractive C. kousa is native to Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan.. The C. kousa is grown for its flowers in addition to its hardy, dependable nature. It blooms around late spring and early summer.
Dogwood Borer. The dogwood borer is a common insect pest on established dogwoods. The larvae of the borer enter the tree through openings in the bark and feed on the cambium layer of the tree. Most attacks occur around basal wounds caused by lawn mowers and string trimmers. The best prevention for this insect is to protect the trees from wounds. The bark of the Kousa dogwood is so attractive that you’ll want to selectively prune branches to show it off as part of your Kousa dogwood care. If the bark looks good, the mature branches are even better. The older the tree gets, the more the branches grow horizontally, giving the tree a spreading look that with a decorative canopy. Common name Dogwood, flowering dogwood Botanical name Cornus Group Shrub or tree Flowering time Flowering dogwoods flower in late spring to early summer Planting time October to March Height and spread 3-8m (10-25ft) height and spread, but shrubs can be kept small by pruning Aspect Full sun to partial shade Hardiness Fully hardy to frost hardy Difficulty Easy
Compost should be added under the tree each spring, spreading out to the dripline. If mulch is desired, add a 2 inch layer around the base to reduce weed growth. Height and Spread of a Flowering Dogwood. A typical healthy, mature flowering dogwood can be expected to reach a height of between 15 to 30 feet, with a spread of 15 to 20 feet. Dogwood Tree Care: Disease and Pests Aphids and powdery mildew can be a problem, but a fungicidal application and horticultural oils in spring can help prevent insects and diseases. Powdery mildew, an unsightly fungal infection, doesn't usually kill the tree but probably weakens it until another pest comes along and delivers the final blow. Dogwood Care and Maintenance Tips. Spread a layer of mulch around the base of the new dogwood tree or shrub to help the distrubed soil retain its moisture. This will also help prevent weeds from taking root around the base of the tree right away.
Dogwood Tree Care. Constellations of dogwood (Cornus spp.) blooms sparkling against freshly greening deciduous trees or dense, dark conifers presage winter’s end. Various dogwood trees thrive. Be sure to water the tree thoroughly after planting and on a regular basis until the tree establishes itself. Care of Flowering Dogwood. Most dogwoods require supplemental water during summer and fall, especially during hot, dry spells. For care of flowering dogwood trees, regular watering once a week to a depth of 6 inches should suffice. You can prevent dogwood anthracnose and make your tree stronger by getting preventative fungicide applications and following proper tree care maintenance. If your tree is already infected, the tips below are still recommended because they can help your tree fight the fungal disease and lower the chance of reinfection but are most effective in.
Dogwood Tree Care Dogwood trees do require some special care to help them thrive as they are fragile and susceptible to mechanical injuries and several insect and disease conditions. Fungicide application can help prevent diseases and horticultural oils at the beginning of the season should be used to smother scale insects and reduce.